This is our ThingsToDo page…later to be migrated to Basecamp CoSMM when it’s for more public consumption:
|Event||Local Offa-ings||"Offa-ing ideas" An event where local schools, clubs, groups, etc. are invited along to see the designs with cakes, coffees/teas (and perhaps judge them?) and the Micro-CoSMM scrapbook (or online blog from the web site from the things you have sent us)|
Raffle, cakes, refreshments, projector, organised walk, playing our Podcasts, etc.
|Venue, permission, funding, etc.||None|
|Event||Crafty Offa-ings||Arrange an arts and crafts day that is Offa's/Wat's dyke related. |
Initially at the Offa's Dyke Centre (later at other locations on along the dyke), the event could last no more than 6 hours (10am-4pm) and have a small art exhibition of photographs, painting, sculptures, etc. with "guess the location" raffle and refreshments with cakes based on the dyke(s), Saxons, dyke creation, etc.
Prizes to the best 3 public artworks or cakes and the nearest correct answer for the location of the artwork.
|Coffee/tea-making facilities, plates and cutlery, table wear, facilities for displaying the artwork (telly for multimedia displays if necessary).||Generic health and safety for the venue and public access to hot food & drink
Tidying up afterwards
|Experimental||Design a dyke||Experimental archaeology: Get the local schools/colleges/clubs, etc. to design a dyke looking at the designs from the archaeological record.|
Design a dyke that could be built at a local venue perhaps - even a model at a school
|Pens, paper, modeling tools, etc.|
|Experimental||Build a dyke||Experimental archaeology: 3m by 5m deep with the ramp up the 5m stretch at an angle to the viewing point so the visitors can see the dyke and what it showed and obscured|
Ideally the first would be at the Knighton Offa's Dyke Centre with a camera from the centre looking at the structure and taking photos periodically - time-lapse or streaming video
|Timber, chalk, soil, mattock, safety gear (from local builders?), manpower (local builders?), etc.||Data Protection
Local authority permission, warning signs, heritage notice board, etc. (aided by and through the project)
|Liaison||Local contacts||Please list the local contacts in schools, colleges, clubs, associations, colleges, guide/scout groups, local press, local businesses (perhaps for sponsorship), etc. that you feel would be helpful||Notes||None|
|Liaison||Micro-CoSMM meetings||Organise meetings between us and the CoSMM.coordinators and invite other locals to show what's been done - using resources you've fed back to CoSMMOut|
Could be via Skype or Facebook chat or a mixture of, say, Offa's Dyke Centre meeting room and online chat/skype
|To Be Decided |
Venue if necessary
|Liaison||Project updates/liasison||Liaison with us about ideas you or your group has had.|
Anything of interest in the local area?
Any concerns about planning, etc. that we may be able to help with
|Venue, skype/social media||None|
|Project||Chain Reaction||A group of volunteers photograph themselves on the dyke from distances of 20m between people (the 1st at a fixed point). |
Then turn around and photograph the person behind them
|Digital camera's or smartphones||Data Protection
Care to time it photos so the 'next' person you are photographing stays still until the shot is taken.
Ensure the (rough) distance is noted
|Project||Personal Historys||Kids (with chaparone if necessary) take recording devices and interview older local residents to see what they remember about living near the dyke and when their forefathers (and/or friends) took them to walk or play around the dyke||Pen & paper|
recorder (smartphone or other hand-held recorder)
Accompanied by adult/chaparone/teacher
|Project||Fixed point photography||At fixed points along the dyke, take photos towards the 4 points of the compass.|
Note the time and date (time of year) and in what direction for each photo in a log
Photos to be taken at regular intervals (say, once per month?)
Note: Fixed points to be discussed by CoSMM & coordinators with Offa's Dyke Path officer
|Camera or smartphone||Ensure the notes are made of the direction, date and time
Ensure they are on the path not the monument where possible
Offa's Dyke Ale
|Contact a local brewery with the ODA-at-50 logo to put on one or more ales (about 3% - 5% hoppy to strong session)||To Be Decided||Cost
|Project||Viewpoint photography||Like Fixed Point Photgraphy but taken from away from the dyke towards the fixed point||Camera or smartphone||Ensure the notes are made of which fixed point, date and time
Ensure they are not on the monument where possible
|Outreach||50 events in the 50th anniversary||To Be Decided||Costs
Advertising news of the events
Calendar and news coverage
- http://caf.archaeologyuk.org/wikka.php?wakka=HowtoRegister – have followed that and emailed them
- http://caf.archaeologyuk.org/wikka.php?wakka=GettingStarted has loads of links and how-tos
- https://historicengland.org.uk/services-skills/heritage-action-zones/ –
- https://antiquity.ac.uk/ World archaeology
- http://www.moorsforthefuture.org.uk/community-science Community science
- Community research publications http://www.moorsforthefuture.org.uk/research-publications
|Care on a site||Those taking part in the project maybe archaeologists, walkers, cyclists or "normal people" (visitors or enthusiasts). Please do not put yourself - or the archaeology - at risk of the elements…
|Dykes through time:|
Melanie's talk at TAG 2017
|TAG (Theoretical Archaeology Group) 2017, Cardiff.
|CORS|| The CORS project report
|TRPG||Trefonen Rural Protection Group
- the inaugural group for the CoSMM model of outreach.
|Example of Heritage scheme funding||Stiper Stones project funding and partners|
|World Archaeology reviews||Antiquity, Department of Archaeology - search for reviews of world archaeology.|
harvard1 default asc no 2
Enhancing Education: What is Educational Outreach? (no date). Available at: http://enhancinged.wgbh.org/started/what/index.html (Accessed: 15 June 2017).
Roxby-Mackey, M. (2017) ‘Community Stewardship of Mercian Monuments (CoSMM)’, The Offa’s Dyke Collaboratory, 8 October. Available at: https://offaswatsdyke.wordpress.com/2017/10/08/community-stewardship-of-mercian-monuments-cosmm/ (Accessed: 23 October 2017).
Stanford University TAG (no date) Spatiality and Conflict: The Archaeology and Anthropology of space in conflict zones | Theoretical Archaeology Group. Available at: https://web.stanford.edu/dept/archaeology/cgi-bin/TAG/drupal/?q=content/spatiality-and-conflict-the-archaeology-and-anthropology-space-conflict-zones (Accessed: 4 March 2017).
Corporation for Public Broadcasting (2002) Enhancing Education: What is Educational Outreach? Available at: http://enhancinged.wgbh.org/started/what/index.html (Accessed: 15 June 2017).
The Institute of Historic Building Conservation (no date) Conservation Plans: a guide for the perplexed. Available at: http://ihbc.org.uk/context_archive/57/perplexed/guide.html (Accessed: 19 May 2016).
The Modern Antiquarian (no date) The Weddings at Stanton Drew. Available at: http://www.themodernantiquarian.com/site/8035/weddings_at_stanton_drew.html (Accessed: 12 November 2016).
UK Government (no date) Environmental Stewardship: guidance and forms for existing agreement holders - GOV.UK. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/collections/environmental-stewardship-guidance-and-forms-for-existing-agreement-holders (Accessed: 15 May 2016).
Encyclopedia Britannia (no date) Wells Cathedral History & Architecture Part 1. Available at: http://www.britannia.com/history/somerset/churches/wellscath.html (Accessed: 16 November 2016).
Monk, M. A. and Kelleher, E. (2005) ‘An Assessment of the Archaeological Evidence for Irish Corn-Drying Kilns in the Light of the Results of Archaeological Experiments and Archaeobotanical Studies’, The Journal of Irish Archaeology, 14, pp. 77–114. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/20650842.
Biddulph, E., Compton, J. and Martin, S. (2015) ‘The Late Iron Age and Roman Pottery’, Internet Archaeology, (40). doi: 10.11141/ia.40.1.biddulph1.
meliwm15 | Tything Arboretum Barbourne and Claines Hub (no date). Available at: http://www.tabch.co.uk/users/meliwm15 (Accessed: 4 May 2017).
Sellei, N. (no date) ‘BORDERS AND REPRESENTATION: JEAN RHYS'S "SMILE PLEASE" AS (POST) COLONIAL AUTOBIOGRAPHY’. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/3609504/BORDERS_AND_REPRESENTATION_JEAN_RHYSS_SMILE_PLEASE_AS_POST_COLONIAL_AUTOBIOGRAPHY (Accessed: 16 March 2018).
Palandjian, G. (no date) ‘Pedagogies of Space: (Re)Mapping National Territories, Borders, and Identities in Post- Soviet Textbooks*’, (Re)Constructing Memory: School Textbooks, Identity, And The Pedagogies And Politics Of Imagining Community. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/2376893/Pedagogies_of_Space_Re_Mapping_National_Territories_Borders_and_Identities_in_Post-_Soviet_Textbooks_ (Accessed: 16 March 2018).
Al-Shamahi, E. and University College London (2016) Fossil Hunting in the Yemen: Archaeologists Without Borders - Ella Al-Shamahi, Human Evolution @ UCL. Available at: http://www.ucl.ac.uk/human-evolution/news/ella-al-shamahi-yemen-archaeologist-without-borders-august-2016 (Accessed: 14 March 2018).
Borck, L. (2018) LEWIS BORCK, LEWIS BORCK. Available at: https://lewisborck.com/ (Accessed: 16 March 2018).
Lucas, G. and Kaufman, P. (2018) ‘Raiders of the Lost Ark’, Wikipedia. Available at: https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Raiders_of_the_Lost_Ark&oldid=828473446 (Accessed: 16 March 2018).
TEDx Talks (no date) Fossil Hunting in the Yemen: Archaeologists Without Borders | Ella Al-Shamahi | TEDxNashville. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0E-jN5r0bRk (Accessed: 11 March 2018).
Embleton, B. (no date) Geograph:: Time Team’s Big Roman Dig at Old Weir... (C). Available at: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/25262 (Accessed: 2 March 2018).
Billinger, J. (no date) Geograph:: Roman Road - Offa’s Dyke intersection (C) Jonathan Billinger. Available at: http://www.geograph.org.uk/photo/362905 (Accessed: 2 March 2018).
Carter, G. (no date) ‘24. Systematic Irregularity: Why almost nothing in the Celtic world was square’. Available at: http://structuralarchaeology.blogspot.com/2009/03/24-systematic-irregularity-why-almost.html (Accessed: 2 March 2018).
Lynch, F., Davies, J. L. and Aldhouse-Green, S. (2000) Prehistoric Wales. Stroud: Sutton.
Recording Archaeology (no date) Using Archaeological Reconstructions for Outreach and Community Engagement. Available at: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=NOHC3Xge_eg (Accessed: 27 December 2017).
Brooklyn’s Eighteenth-Century Lott House: Field Notes - Archaeology Magazine Archive (no date). Available at: http://archive.archaeology.org/online/features/lott/fieldnotes/ (Accessed: 23 April 2016).
Howard, P. (2007) Archaeological surveying and mapping: recording and depicting the landscape. London: Routledge.
Heritage Lottery Fund (no date) Conservation plan guidance | Heritage Lottery Fund. Available at: https://www.hlf.org.uk/conservation-plan-guidance (Accessed: 5 March 2016).
SCHARP (2015) ‘A blog post from Uist – the view from SCHARP volunteers.’, SCHARP Blog, 23 February. Available at: https://scharpblog.wordpress.com/ (Accessed: 7 December 2016).
ArchaeoLink (2012) Archaeolink, Turning Archaeology into Heritage. Available at: http://www.archaeolink.org/ (Accessed: 25 February 2018).
QGIS (no date) Welcome to the QGIS project! Available at: http://www.qgis.org/en/site/ (Accessed: 12 August 2016).
HistoryExtra (no date) A brief history of the Vikings, History Extra. Available at: http://www.historyextra.com/period/viking/a-brief-history-of-the-vikings/ (Accessed: 25 February 2018).
English Dictionary, Thesaurus, & grammar help | Oxford Dictionaries (no date). Available at: https://en.oxforddictionaries.com/ (Accessed: 21 February 2018).
Mackey, I. (2018) Ian Mackey, Archaeological Outreach.
Williams, P. H. M. R. (2017) ‘Dykes Through Time’, 10 October. Available at: https://offaswatsdyke.wordpress.com/2017/10/10/dykes-through-time/ (Accessed: 20 February 2018).
BAJR and Connely, D. (no date) British Archaeological Jobs Resource - BAJR. Available at: http://www.bajr.org/ (Accessed: 19 February 2018).
DEFRA (2016) DEFRA, Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs. Available at: https://www.gov.uk/government/organisations/department-for-environment-food-rural-affairs (Accessed: 18 May 2016).
Bell, M. (2012) The archaeology of the dykes: from the Romans to Offa’s Dyke. Stroud: Amberley.
EU-OSHA (no date) United Kingdom - Safety and health at work - EU-OSHA. Available at: https://osha.europa.eu/en/about-eu-osha/national-focal-points/united-kingdom (Accessed: 22 March 2016).
West-Pavlov, R. (2009) Spatial Practices: An Interdisciplinary Series in Cultural History, Geography and Literature, Volume 7 : Space in Theory : Kristeva, Foucault, Deleuze. Amsterdam, NLD: Editions Rodopi. Available at: http://site.ebrary.com/lib/alltitles/docDetail.action?docID=10380451 (Accessed: 4 January 2016).
Wheatley, D. and Gillings, M. (2003) Spatial Technology and Archaeology: The Archaeological Applications of GIS. CRC Press.
Smith, M. E. (no date) ‘Publishing Archaeology: Why archaeologists need to publish outside of archaeology’. Available at: http://publishingarchaeology.blogspot.co.uk/2008/11/why-archaeologists-need-to-publish.html (Accessed: 28 January 2016).
Silver, M. et al. (2015) ‘Remote sensing, landscape and archaeology tracing ancient tracks and roads between Palmyra and the Euphrates in Syria’, ISPRS Annals of Photogrammetry, Remote Sensing and Spatial Information Sciences, II-5/W3, pp. 279–285. doi: 10.5194/isprsannals-II-5-W3-279-2015.
Simmons, I. G. (2001) Environmental history of Great Britain. Edinburgh: Edinburgh University Press. Available at: http://www.loc.gov/catdir/toc/fy022/2002327418.html.
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Smith, L. (no date) Class, heritage and the negotiation of place. Available at: https://www.academia.edu/348666/Class_heritage_and_the_negotiation_of_place (Accessed: 15 May 2016).
Meier, T. (2012) ‘“Landscape”, “environment” and a vision of interdisciplinarity’, in Landscape Archaeology between Art and Science. Amsterdam University Press (From a Multi- to an Interdisciplinary Approach), pp. 503–514. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/j.ctt6wp79m.39.
Llobera, M. (2007) ‘Reconstructing Visual Landscapes’, World Archaeology, 39(1), pp. 51–69. Available at: http://www.jstor.org/stable/40026482 (Accessed: 22 February 2016).
Llobera, M. (2011) ‘Archaeological visualization: Towards an archaeological information science (AISc)’, Journal of Archaeological Method and Theory, 18(3), pp. 193–223. doi: 10.1007/s10816-010-9098-4.
Llobera, M. (2015) ‘Working the Digital: Some thoughts from Landscape Archaeology’, in Material Evidence: Learning from Archaeological Practice (eds. Chapman, R and Wylie, A). Abingdon: Routledge, pp. 173–88.
Low, S. M. (ed.) (2003) The Anthropology of Space and Place: Locating Culture. Malden, MA: Wiley-Blackwell.
Llobera, M. (2001) ‘Building Past Landscape Perception With GIS: Understanding Topographic Prominence’, Journal of Archaeological Science, 28(9), pp. 1005–1014. doi: 10.1006/jasc.2001.0720.
Llewellyn, F. (2016) ‘Field Walking at Lower Collier’s Farm, Bayton’, NWAG diaries.
This is an example page. It’s different from a blog post because it will stay in one place and will show up in your site navigation (in most themes). Most people start with an About page that introduces them to potential site visitors. It might say something like this:
Hi there! I’m a bike messenger by day, aspiring actor by night, and this is my website. I live in Los Angeles, have a great dog named Jack, and I like piña coladas. (And gettin’ caught in the rain.)
…or something like this:
The XYZ Doohickey Company was founded in 1971, and has been providing quality doohickeys to the public ever since. Located in Gotham City, XYZ employs over 2,000 people and does all kinds of awesome things for the Gotham community.
As a new WordPress user, you should go to your dashboard to delete this page and create new pages for your content. Have fun!
We have zotero so we can insert references … e.g. Landscape archaeology and GIS is a good book
and maps so we can geo-locate areas of concern or fixed-point photography points
|Ages||Start||End||Start Correction||Type||Start (cor)||End (cor)||Duration||Human Species||Geological Period||AllNotes||Notes||Notable Name|
|Formation of Earth||-4,600,000,000||BP||Evolution||-4,600,001,950||-1,950||4,600,000,000||Formation of the planet Earth|
|living cells||-3,500,000,000||BP||Evolution||-3,500,001,950||-1,950||3,500,000,000||Living cells|
|eukaryotic cells||-1,400,000,000||BP||Evolution||-1,400,001,950||-1,950||1,400,000,000||eukaryotic cells|
|multi-cellular life, Ediacara||-700,000,000||BP||Evolution||-700,001,950||-1,950||700,000,000||Multi-cellular creatures|
|animals with shells - Cambrian||-570,000,000||BP||Evolution||-570,001,950||-1,950||570,000,000||animals with shells - Cambrian|
|first land vertebrates||-380,000,000||BP||Evolution||-380,001,950||-1,950||380,000,000||first land vertebrates|
|dinosaurs dominate||-200,000,000||-65,000,000||BP||Evolution||-200,001,950||-65,001,950||135,000,000||dinosaurs dominate|
|first mammals||-200,000,000||BP||Evolution||-200,001,950||-1,950||200,000,000||first mammals|
|‘age of mammals begins||-65,000,000||BP||Evolution||-65,001,950||-1,950||65,000,000||‘age of mammals begins|
|Sahelanthropus tchadensis||-7,000,000||-6,000,000||BP||Evolution||-7,001,950||-6,001,950||1,000,000||Sahelanthropus tchadensis||Sahelanthropus tchadensis: West-Central Africa (Chad)||Sahelanthropus tchadensis||West-Central Africa (Chad)|
|Earliest hominids||-7,000,000||BP||Evolution||-7,001,950||-1,950||7,000,000||Pleistocene||Earliest hominids|
|Orrorin tugenensis||-6,200,000||-5,800,000||BP||Evolution||-6,201,950||-5,801,950||400,000||Orrorin tugenensis||Pleistocene||Millenium Man: Eastern Africa (Tugen Hills, central Kenya)||Millenium Man||Eastern Africa (Tugen Hills, central Kenya)|
|Ardipithecus kadabba||-5,800,000||-5,200,000||BP||Evolution||-5,801,950||-5,201,950||600,000||Ardipithecus kadabba||Pleistocene||Ardipithecus kadabba: Eastern Africa (Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia)||Ardipithecus kadabba||Eastern Africa (Middle Awash Valley, Ethiopia)|
|Ardipithecus ramidus||-4,400,000||-430,000||BP||Evolution||-4,401,950||-431,950||3,970,000||Ardipithecus ramidus||Pliocene||Ardi: Eastern Africa (Middle Awash and Gona, Ethiopia)||Ardi||Eastern Africa (Middle Awash and Gona, Ethiopia)|
|Australopithecus anamensis||-4,200,000||-3,900,000||BP||Evolution||-4,201,950||-3,901,950||300,000||Australopithecus anamensis||Pliocene||Australopithecus anamensis: Eastern Africa (Lake Turkana, Kenya and Middle Awash, Ethiopia)||Australopithecus anamensis||Eastern Africa (Lake Turkana, Kenya and Middle Awash, Ethiopia)|
|Australopithecus afarensis||-3,850,000||-2,950,000||BP||Evolution||-3,851,950||-2,951,950||900,000||Australopithecus afarensis: "Lucy"||Pliocene||Lucy's species: Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania)||Lucy's species||Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania)|
|Kenyanthropus platyops||-3,500,000||-3,400,000||BP||Evolution||-3,501,950||-3,401,950||100,000||Kenyanthropus platyops||Pliocene||Kenyanthropus platyops: Eastern Africa (West Turkana, Kenya)||Kenyanthropus platyops||Eastern Africa (West Turkana, Kenya)|
|Lomekwian||-3,300,000||BP||Culture||-3,301,950||-1,950||3,300,000||Lomekwian||Stoneage tools in East Africa: Earliest napped tools appear. "Nutcracker man" from West Turkana, Kenya||Stoneage tools in East Africa||Earliest napped tools appear. "Nutcracker man" from West Turkana, Kenya|
|Australopithecus africanus||-3,300,000||-2,100,000||BP||Evolution||-3,301,950||-2,101,950||1,200,000||Australopithecus africanus||Pliocene||A.Africanus (The Taung child): Southern Africa (South Africa)||A.Africanus (The Taung child)||Southern Africa (South Africa)|
|Stoneage tools in East Africa: Oldest known stone tools||-3,250,000||BP||Evolution||-3,251,950||-1,950||3,250,000||Pliocene||Stoneage tools in East Africa: Oldest known stone tools||Stoneage tools in East Africa||Oldest known stone tools|
|Stoneage tools in East Africa: Oldest known Homo fossils||-2,750,000||BP||Evolution||-2,751,950||-1,950||2,750,000||Pliocene||Stoneage tools in East Africa: Oldest known Homo fossils||Stoneage tools in East Africa||Oldest known Homo fossils|
|Paranthropus aethiopicus||-2,700,000||-2,300,000||BP||Evolution||-2,701,950||-2,301,950||400,000||Paranthropus aethiopicus||Pliocene -> Pleistocene||Paranthropus aethiopicus: Eastern Africa (Turkana basin of northern Kenya, southern Ethiopia)||Paranthropus aethiopicus||Eastern Africa (Turkana basin of northern Kenya, southern Ethiopia)|
|Oldowan||-2,600,000||-1,500,000||Culture||-2,600,000||-1,500,000||1,100,000||Oldowan||Stoneage tools in East Africa - relating to or denoting an early Lower Palaeolithic culture of Africa, dated to about 2.0–1.5 million years ago|
Pebble cores appear about this time: East Africa
|Stoneage tools in East Africa - relating to or denoting an early Lower Palaeolithic culture of Africa, dated to about 2.0–1.5 million years ago|
Pebble cores appear about this time
|Stoneage tools in East Africa: Cooler, dryer climate in East Africa||-2,500,000||BP||Evolution||-2,501,950||-1,950||2,500,000||Pleistocene||Stoneage tools in East Africa: Cooler, dryer climate in East Africa||Stoneage tools in East Africa||Cooler, dryer climate in East Africa|
|Australopithecus garhi||-2,500,000||-2,400,000||BP||Evolution||-2,501,950||-2,401,950||100,000||Australopithecus garhi||Pleistocene||A. garhi: Eastern Africa (the site of Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia)||A. garhi||Eastern Africa (the site of Bouri, Middle Awash, Ethiopia)|
|Homo habilis||-2,400,000||-1,400,000||BP||Evolution||-2,401,950||-1,401,950||1,000,000||Homo habilis||Pleistocene||Handy Man: Eastern and Southern Africa (Olduvai Gorge)||Handy Man||Eastern and Southern Africa (Olduvai Gorge)|
|Paranthropus boisei||-2,300,000||-1,200,000||BP||Evolution||-2,301,950||-1,201,950||1,100,000||Paranthropus boisei||Pleistocene||Boisei: Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi)||Boisei||Eastern Africa (Ethiopia, Kenya, Tanzania, Malawi)|
|Stoneage tools in East Africa: H. erectus appears in the fossil record||-2,000,000||BP||Evolution||-2,001,950||-1,950||2,000,000||Pleistocene||Stoneage tools in East Africa: H. erectus appears in the fossil record||Stoneage tools in East Africa||H. erectus appears in the fossil record|
|Australopithecus sediba||-1,980,000||-1,977,000||BP||Evolution||-1,981,950||-1,978,950||3,000||Australopithecus sediba||Pleistocene||Australopithecus sediba: Southern Africa (South Africa)||Australopithecus sediba||Southern Africa (South Africa)|
|Homo rudolfensis||-1,900,000||-1,800,000||BP||Evolution||-1,901,950||-1,801,950||100,000||Homo rudolfensis||Pleistocene||H.rudolfensis: Eastern Africa (northern Kenya, possibly northern Tanzania and Malawi)||H.rudolfensis||Eastern Africa (northern Kenya, possibly northern Tanzania and Malawi)|
|East Turkana (site)||-1,900,000||-1,500,000||BP||Site||-1,901,950||-1,501,950||400,000||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in East Africa||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in East Africa|
|Homo erectus||-1,890,000||-143,000||BP||Evolution||-1,891,950||-144,950||1,747,000||Homo erectus: Zhoukoudian (Choukoutien)||Pleistocene||‘Turkana Boy’: Northern, Eastern, and Southern Africa; Western Asia (Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia); East Asia (China and Indonesia)||‘Turkana Boy’||Northern, Eastern, and Southern Africa; Western Asia (Dmanisi, Republic of Georgia); East Asia (China and Indonesia)|
|Paranthropus robustus||-1,800,000||-1,200,000||BP||Evolution||-1,801,950||-1,201,950||600,000||Paranthropus robustus||Pleistocene||P.robustus: Southern Africa (South Africa)||P.robustus||Southern Africa (South Africa)|
|Dmanisi (site)||-1,800,000||-1,650,000||BP||Site||-1,801,950||-1,651,950||150,000||Paranthropus robustus||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in Europe||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in Europe|
|Mojokerto (site)||-1,800,000||-1,850,000||BP||Site||-1,801,950||-1,851,950||-50,000||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in Java||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in Java|
|Acheulean||-1,760,000||-150,000||BP||Culture||-1,761,950||-151,950||1,610,000||Acheulean||Stoneage tools in East Africa - relating to or denoting the main Lower Palaeolithic culture in Europe: Hand axes appear about this time||Stoneage tools in East Africa - relating to or denoting the main Lower Palaeolithic culture in Europe||Hand axes appear about this time|
|Nariokotome (site)||-1,600,000||-1,550,000||BP||Site||-1,601,950||-1,551,950||50,000||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in East Africa||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in East Africa|
|Olduvai (site)||-1,450,000||-750,000||BP||Site||-1,451,950||-751,950||700,000||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in East Africa||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in East Africa|
|Bouri (site)||-1,240,000||-900,000||BP||Site||-1,241,950||-901,950||340,000||Lower Paleolithic tools: Tool use in East Africa||Lower Paleolithic tools||Tool use in East Africa|
|Sima del Elefante (Atapuerca) (site)||-1,210,000||-1,190,000||BP||Site||-1,211,950||-1,191,950||20,000||Lower Paleolithic tools:||Lower Paleolithic tools|
|Stoneage tools in East Africa: Climate shifts to 100k year glacial cycles||-900,000||BP||Evolution||-901,950||-1,950||900,000||Pleistocene||Stoneage tools in East Africa: Climate shifts to 100k year glacial cycles||Stoneage tools in East Africa||Climate shifts to 100k year glacial cycles|
|Ceprano (site)||-900,000||-800,000||BP||Site||-901,950||-801,950||100,000||Lower Paleolithic tools:||Lower Paleolithic tools|
|Gran Dolina (Atapuerca) (site)||-850,000||-760,000||BP||Site||-851,950||-761,950||90,000||Lower Paleolithic tools:||Lower Paleolithic tools|
|Palaeolithic, Lower||-700,000||-250,000||BP||Age||-701,950||-251,950||450,000||Homo heidelbergensis||Pleistocene||-700000: Lithics:Hand axes Flake tools||-700000||Lithics:Hand axes Flake tools|
|Homo heidelbergensis||-700,000||-200,000||BP||Evolution||-701,950||-201,950||500,000||Homo heidelbergensis||Pleistocene||H.hedidelbergensis: Europe; possibly Asia (China); Africa (eastern and southern)||H.hedidelbergensis||Europe; possibly Asia (China); Africa (eastern and southern)|
|Homo neanderthalis||-400,000||-40,000||BP||Evolution||-401,950||-41,950||360,000||Homo neanderthalis||Pleistocene||H.neanderthal - "Neandertal": Europe and southwestern to central Asia||H.neanderthal - "Neandertal"||Europe and southwestern to central Asia|
|Palaeolithic, Middle||-250,000||-30,000||BP||Age||-251,950||-31,950||220,000||Homo neanderthalensis||Middle Pleistocene||-250000:||-250000|
|Middle Pleistocene||-250,000||BP||Period||-251,950||-1,950||250,000||Homo neanderthalensis, Homo sapien, Homo floresiensis||Middle Pleistocene||-250000:||-250000|
|Homo sapien||-200,000||2,017||BP||Evolution||-201,950||67||202,017||Homo sapien||Middle Pleistocene||"modern man"|
: Evolved in Africa, now worldwide
|"modern man"||Evolved in Africa, now worldwide|
|First Homo sapiens||-200,000||BP||Evolution||-201,950||-1,950||200,000||Middle Pleistocene||First Homo sapiens|
|Homo floresiensis||-100,000||-50,000||BP||Evolution||-101,950||-51,950||50,000||Homo floresiensis||Middle Pleistocene||The Hobbit: Asia (Indonesia). Liang Bua cave on the island of Flores, Indonesia||The Hobbit||Asia (Indonesia). Liang Bua cave on the island of Flores, Indonesia|
|Palaeolithic, Upper||-30,000||-10,000||BP||Age||-31,950||-11,950||20,000||Homo sapiens||Late Pleistocene||Lithics: Blade technology & standardised tools -30000:||Lithics: Blade technology & standardised tools -30000|
|Upper Pleistocene||-30,000||BP||Period||-31,950||-1,950||30,000||Homo sapiens||Upper/Late Pleistocene||: Lithics: Blade technology & standardised tools -30000||Lithics: Blade technology & standardised tools -30000|
|Roman Empire||-753||476||AD||Era||-753||476||1,229||-753. Romans threatened by Gogs and Visigogs:||-753. Romans threatened by Gogs and Visigogs|
|Roman Republic||-518||-27||BC||Age||-518||-27||491||-518. When Italians had kings – Pre-(Julius) Caeser:||-518. When Italians had kings – Pre-(Julius) Caeser|
|BCE||0||AD||event||0||BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) mean the same thing- previous to year 1 CE (Common Era). This is the same as the year AD 1 (Anno Domini); the latter means “in the year of the lord,” often translated as “in the year of our lord.” (It was thought when the AD dating system was created that its year 1 was the year Jesus of Nazareth was born.):||BCE (Before Common Era) and BC (Before Christ) mean the same thing- previous to year 1 CE (Common Era). This is the same as the year AD 1 (Anno Domini); the latter means “in the year of the lord,” often translated as “in the year of our lord.” (It was thought when the AD dating system was created that its year 1 was the year Jesus of Nazareth was born.)|
|Roman (Romano British)||43||410||AD||Age||43||410||367||410 is when the Romans go:||410 is when the Romans go|
|Roman Britain||43||460||AD||Age||43||460||417||43. Caeser popped over in 55 BC:||43. Caeser popped over in 55 BC|
|Saxon era||356||1066||AD||Era||356||1066||710||AD 356 (361-363), when Julian, later the Roman Emperor, mentioned them in a speech as allies of Magnentius. Julian (Latin: Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Greek: Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανὸς Αὔγουστος; 331/332 – 26 June 363), also known as Julian the Apostate was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.:||AD 356 (361-363), when Julian, later the Roman Emperor, mentioned them in a speech as allies of Magnentius. Julian (Latin: Flavius Claudius Iulianus Augustus, Greek: Φλάβιος Κλαύδιος Ἰουλιανὸς Αὔγουστος; 331/332 – 26 June 363), also known as Julian the Apostate was Roman Emperor from 361 to 363, as well as a notable philosopher and author in Greek.|
|Early Medieval (Anglo-Saxon)||410||1066||AD||Era||410||1066||656||AKA Anglo-Saxon: Anglo-Saxon not used now because there were a lot more people involved than the Angles and the Saxons:||AKA Anglo-Saxon: Anglo-Saxon not used now because there were a lot more people involved than the Angles and the Saxons|
|Saxon-Britain||460||1066||AD||Era||460||1066||606||(see 'Orrorin tugenensis'):||(see 'Orrorin tugenensis')|
|Norman – Wales||1060||1163||AD||Era||1060||1163||103||:|
|Medieval (Middle)||1066||1540||AD||Age||1066||1540||474||AKA Middle ages:||AKA Middle ages|
|Norman – England||1066||1071||AD||Age||1066||1071||5||1066. Battle of Hastings when William (a Frenchman) came over:||1066. Battle of Hastings when William (a Frenchman) came over|
|Norman era||1066||1072||AD||Era||1066||1072||6||William the Conquerer: not secure on his thrown until after 1072:||William the Conquerer: not secure on his thrown until after 1072|
|Plantagenets||1154||1485||AD||Era||1154||1485||331||a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France:||a royal house which originated from the lands of Anjou in France|
|Normans – Ireland||1169||1203||AD||Reign||1169||1203||34||:|
|Stuart-(Interregnum)||1649||1660||AD||Era||1649||1660||11||Period between reigns in England when there was a revolt against royals: Oliver Cromwell and Richard Cromwell were anti-royalists||Period between reigns in England when there was a revolt against royals||Oliver Cromwell and Richard Cromwell were anti-royalists|
|Stuart (restored)||1660||1714||AD||Reign||1660||1714||54||Stuarts restored: Mary II 1689 - 1694|
William III 1694 - 1702
Anne 1702 - 1714
|Stuarts restored||Mary II 1689 - 1694|
William III 1694 - 1702
Anne 1702 - 1714
|First World War||1914||1918||AD||Era||1914||1918||4||:|
|Second World War||1939||1945||AD||Era||1939||1945||6||:|
|Carbon Dating||1960||AD||event||1960||-1,960||C14 dating was developed and published: Developed by Willard Libby in the late 1940s. Because of nuclear tests done in the 1950s and 1960s, the date for C14 dating is taken as 1960 (the last reliable un-affected date)||C14 dating was developed and published||Developed by Willard Libby in the late 1940s. Because of nuclear tests done in the 1950s and 1960s, the date for C14 dating is taken as 1960 (the last reliable un-affected date)|
|Post-processualist||1986||AD||event||1986||-1,986||When there was a 'revolution' against processualists: Following on from Ian Hodder (and the likes of Carl Marx, etc.) in 1986 the World Archaeological Congress was established - response to the processualist ethos (by Louis Binford)||When there was a 'revolution' against processualists||Following on from Ian Hodder (and the likes of Carl Marx, etc.) in 1986 the World Archaeological Congress was established - response to the processualist ethos (by Louis Binford)|